of production systems, economy and application areas, which were largely
overlapping for lac and other natural resins and gums, mandate of ILRI
was expanded that enabled creation of a single national organization
addressing the research and development needs of this class of natural
materials. The mandate of this Institute was therefore, expanded to
include all natural resins and gums, besides lac and the name of the
institute was changed to Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums (IINRG)
on September 20, 2007. Adequate R & D support to this sub-sector enabled
India to emerge as the leader in some more resins and gums besides
maintaining leadership in lac, guar gum and karaya gum.
To increase the income of farmers, value addition of the produce and
utilizing the crop residues is attaining high priority. Secondary
Agriculture is high value addition to primary agriculture. It helps in
using all parts of an agricultural produce (e.g. crop residues, animal
hair, bones, viscera, etc), processing to enhance shelf-life, increasing
total factor productivity, and generating additional jobs and income for
farmers. Certain alternative agriculture activities like Lac culture,
beekeeping, mushroom cultivation, agri-tourism, etc, also fall under the
ambit of secondary agriculture. By-products from agricultural crops, if
processed appropriately for deriving industrial products could pave a
way in getting better economic returns from agriculture.
Keeping in view the importance of secondary agriculture in rural
industrialization in order to improve farmer's income, it was proposed
to further widen the mandate of the IINRG. Therefore, the Governing Body
of ICAR Society in its 256th meeting approved the proposal and the new
name of the Institute as National Institute of Secondary Agriculture.
Consequent to this decision of the Council, Indian Institute of Natural
Resins and Gums has been rechristened as National Institute of Secondary
Agriculture (NISA) w.e.f. September, 20, 2022.
ICAR-NISA also houses National Lac Insect Germplasm Centre (NATLIGEC)
which was declared open by Dr Mangala Rai, the then Director General,
ICAR on November 27, 2007. Lac Insect Field Gene Bank has the largest
collection of live lac insects in the world collected from throughout
the country. The lac insect stocks are conserved on the potted plants of
Flemingia macrophylla. Similarly, large collections of different lac
host plant species are maintained in the Lac Host Plant Gene Bank.
ICAR-IINRG, the 3rd oldest institute within ICAR, is proud of its
distinguished service to the nation, with an exhaustive list of
achievements to its credit.
Institute is situated 9 km south-east of Ranchi city, on the National
Highway - 33 (Ranchi-Jamshedpur), at an altitude of 650 m above mean sea
level between 23o23'' N latitude and 85o23''
longitude, with a mild and salubrious climate.