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National Institute of Secondary Agriculture
(Formerly Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums
& Indian Lac Research Institute)

Namkum, Ranchi - 834 010

Estd : September 20, 1924



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Nathia Nawagaon Block

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  Success Stories (Bhanupratappur block, Kanker, Chhattisgarh)

Shri Soni Ram Puro S/o Sh. Laxman Puro, A young farmer (education 5th standard) of village Bayanar, block Bhanupratappur, district Kanker, Chhattisgarh, doing lac cultivation since last many years by traditional method (only inoculation and  harvesting of lac, no intermediate crop operation/pest management) and gets very less  income.  Generally he gets Rs. 2,000 annually from lac. He attended one On-farm training programme on "Scientific methods of lac cultivation" conducted by Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums, Ranchi at Bhanupratappur during the year 2005. After attending training programme, He started scientific lac cultivation with adopting all improved techniques of lac cultivation. He has 30 Palas, 2 Ber and 40 Kusum trees available for lac cultivation. Besides his own lac host trees he has taken 20 Ber trees on lease basis (half output basis) for lac cultivation. Agriculture, lac and Minor Forest Produces is the major source on income of his farm family. He has 4 acres of irrigated agricultural land in which paddy, coarse cereals, vegetables are grown in majority. Sh. Puro has started scientific lac cultivation during the year 2005. During the year 2005-06 he has produced 250 Kg. Kusmi broodlac and 35 Kg kusmi sticklac (total worth Rs. 33,000) from 6 kusum trees. During the year 2006-07 he has produced 350 Kg. broodlac and 170 Kg sticklac (total worth Rs. 52,000) from 13 Kusum and 15 Palas trees. During the year 2007-08 produced 700 Kg. broodlac and 200 Kg. sticklac (total worth Rs. 76,000) form 23 Kusum and 25 Palas. During the year 2008-09 produced 540 Kg broodlac and 65 Kg. sticklac(total worth Rs. 55,300) from 14 Kusum and 20 Palas trees.


With the scientific methods of lac cultivation his earning from lac has increased tremendously. He is so motivated for lac cultivation and wants to increase the lac host trees for lac cultivation. He has planted 800 Flemingia semialata for the purpose of lac cultivation. He sells broodlac with the help of forest department, Kanker and sells sticklac to the local haat. With the earning from lac he has purchased one motor cycle, mobile phone and also made a boring in his agricultural field. He has motivated various farmers in his and neighboring villages for lac cultivation through information on scientific methods of lac cultivation and profitability in lac cultivation. Shri Puro is now a source of inspiration to other farmers in that area for lac cultivation.

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